Menorrhagia is the medical term for menstrual periods with abnormally heavy or prolonged bleeding.
With menorrhagia, every period you have causes enough blood loss and cramping that you can't maintain your usual activities.
The signs and symptoms of menorrhagia may include:
•Soaking through one or more sanitary pads or tampons every hour for several consecutive hours.
•Needing to use double sanitary protection to control your menstrual flow.
•Needing to wake up to change sanitary protection during the night.
•Bleeding for longer than a week.
•Passing blood clots with menstrual flow for more than one day.
•Restricting daily activities due to heavy menstrual flow.
•Symptoms of anemia, such as tiredness, fatigue or shortness of breath.
*•Hormone imbalance*-In a normal menstrual cycle, a balance between the hormones estrogen and progesterone regulates the buildup of the lining of the uterus (endometrium), which is shed during menstruation. If a hormone imbalance occurs, the endometrium develops in excess and eventually sheds by way of heavy menstrual bleeding.
*•Dysfunction of the ovaries.* If your ovaries don't release an egg (ovulate) during a menstrual cycle (anovulation), your body doesn't produce the hormone progesterone, as it would during a normal menstrual cycle. This leads to hormone imbalance and may result in menorrhagia.
*•Uterine fibroids.* These noncancerous (benign) tumors of the uterus appear during your childbearing years. Uterine fibroids may cause heavier than normal or prolonged menstrual bleeding.Polyps. Small, benign growths on the lining of the uterus (uterine polyps) may cause heavy or prolonged menstrual bleeding.
*•Intrauterine device (IUD)* Menorrhagia is a well-known side effect of using a non hormonal intrauterine device for birth control. When an IUD is the cause of excessive menstrual bleeding, you may need to remove it.